samedi 15 avril 2017

Les Etats-Unis larguent la «mère de toutes les bombes» en Afghanistan

Le Soir
avec AFP 



L’armée US a lancé sa plus puissante bombe non-nucléaire contre Daesh ? Etat islamique en Afghanistan .
La frappe avec la bombe GBU-43 de plus de 10.000 kilos, avisé à environ 16h30 (heure belge) une «  série de grottes  » dans la province de Nangarhar (est de l’Afghanistan), où un soldat américain a été tué dans une opération le week-end dernier contre les jihadistes, selon Adam Stump, un porte-parole du Pentagone.
GUIDÉE AU GPS
Cette énorme bombe guidée au GPS longue de plusieurs mètres, qui n’avait jamais été utilisée au combat auparavant, a été larguée en soutien aux forces afghanes et américaines opérant dans la région, selon le Pentagone.
«  Alors que leurs pertes augmentent  », les djihadistes ont recours « à des bunkers et tunnels pour renforcer  » leur défense, a indiqué dans un communiqué le général John Nicholson, le chef des forces américaines en Afghanistan.
La bombe GBU-43 «  est la bonne munition pour venir à bout de ces obstacles et maintenir l’élan de notre campagne  » contre le groupe Etat islamique en Afghanistan, a-t-il ajouté.
«  Nous devons leur dénier leur liberté de mouvement, et c’est ce que nous avons fait », a déclaré le porte-parole de la Maison Blanche Sean Spicer lors de son briefing à la presse.
PLUS DE 8.000 SOLDATS EN AFGHANISTAN
Selon l’US Air Force, le dernier test de la bombe GBU-43 en 2003 avait provoqué un panache de poussière et de fumées visible à plus de 32 kilomètres.
La bombe est dénommée MOAB (Massive Ordnance Air Blast) bombe à effet de souffle massif.
Les Etats-Unis ont environ 8.400 soldats en Afghanistan. Ils forment, conseillent et appuient les forces afghanes dans leurs combats contre les talibans et le groupe Etat islamique. 


COMMENTAIRE DE DIVERCITY
“AU SUIVANT” 

Trump voulait juste faire la peau à quelques 'bad guys' en Syrie Aujourd’hui, avec l’explosion de la super bombe en Afghanistan, les conservateurs de son camp redoutent qu’il ne devienne le nouveau John Wayne du monde. Assurément une grande majorité d’Américains soutiennent l’attaque de missiles en Syrie. Curieusement les esprits sont partagés sur le sujet au cœur du parti républicain et même du parti démocrate. Il semble bien que Donald Trump ait osé ce que recommandait Hillary Clinton et qu’ Obama a négligé de faire : s’attaquer directement à Assad. Mais voilà que ce va-t-en-guerre envoie une énorme bombe sur l’Afghanistan et dirige sa flotte du Pacifique en direction de la Corée du Nord.
Voilà qui devient terriblement inquiétant.
MG 

DID THIS BOMBING SEND A MESSAGE TO NORTH KOREA?
The Guardian
“I don’t know if this sends a message; it doesn’t make any difference if it does or not,” Trump said. “North Korea is a problem, the problem will be taken care of.” He implied that China was “working very hard” on this issue.
Army Gen John W Nicholson, the commander of US forces in Afghanistan, said in a statement that the GBU-43/B was the “right munition” to use against the Islamic State in Khorosan, or Isis-K.
“As Isis-K’s losses have mounted, they are using IEDs, bunkers and tunnels to thicken their defense. This is the right munition to reduce these obstacles and maintain the momentum of our offensive against Isis-K,” Nicholson said. Trump said on the campaign trail that he would “bomb the shit” out of Isis.
His spokesman, Sean Spicer, said on Thursday the use of the GBU-43/B showed the US “takes the fight against Isis very seriously and in order to defeat the group we must deny them operational space, which we did”.
Describing the bombing at his regular White House press briefing, he told reporters: “At around 7pm local time in Afghanistan last night the United States military used a GBU-43 weapon in Afghanistan. The GBU-43 is a large, powerful and accurately delivered weapon. We targeted a system of tunnels and caves that Isis fighters used to move around freely, making it easier for them to target US military advisers and Afghan forces in the area.”
He refused to answer further questions about the bomb at his regular press briefing, referring journalists to the Department of Defense.
U.S. DROPS ‘MOTHER OF ALL BOMBS’ ON ISIS CAVES IN AFGHANISTAN
By HELENE COOPER, NYT
WASHINGTON — The United States dropped the “mother of all bombs” — the largest conventional bomb in the American arsenal — on an Islamic State cave complex in Afghanistan on Thursday, the Pentagon said, unleashing a munition so massive that it had to be dropped from the rear of a cargo plane.
The bomb, officially called the GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast — hence its moniker — hit a tunnel complex in the Achin district of Nangarhar Province, according to a statement from the United States military in Afghanistan. It did not say how many militants were killed.

The GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast bomb is the largest conventional bomb in the American arsenal. A Thursday strike in Afghanistan was the first combat use of the bomb. CreditEglin Air Force Base, via Associated Press
During the years of intense fighting in Afghanistan, a handful of similar bombs were used by the United States to destroy caves believed to be used by forces of the Taliban and Al Qaeda, as well as to frighten troops dug into trenches who were not immediately killed by the weapon. That the United States is again using this type of ordnance reflects the changing nature of the foe in Afghanistan, and the fact that the Islamic State, like the Taliban and Al Qaeda, is now also using caves and tunnels.
Thursday’s strike was the first combat use of GBU-43/B, which is an updated version of the older bombs, said Adam Stump, a Pentagon spokesman.
Islamic State fighters in Afghanistan “are using I.E.D.s, bunkers and tunnels to thicken their defense,” Gen. John W. Nicholson, the United States commander in Afghanistan, said, referring to improvised explosive devices, in the statement announcing the strike.
“This is the right munition to reduce these obstacles and maintain the momentum of our offensive against ISIS-K,” he added, using another name for the Islamic State in Afghanistan.
It was unclear whether any civilians were killed. The military insisted that it took every precaution to avoid such casualties. But the Pentagon has come under increasing criticism that as it has intensified the fight against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, the civilian death toll has risen sharply.
Sean Spicer, the White House spokesman, addressed the bombing during his Thursday briefing, saying, “We must deny them operational space, which we did,” referring to the Islamic State in Afghanistan.
The bomb was dropped from an MC-130, a cargo plane with a rear door.


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